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Networked Innovations in International Development Edited by Matthew L. The point is not that open models really all these things.
They are also the building blocks and core outputs of the networked environment. Clearly, open development is not a panacea—nothing would be. By 2012 it seems much too late to ask, In this volume, authors from diverse backgrounds address head-on one of the major domains of challenge in today’s world: how to improve the lives of billions of people who are prevented from flourishing as human beings by significant economic and political constraints.In 2008, the Information Technology for Development Program Area at the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) did a review of emerging scholarship in the study of information and communication technologies for development (ICT4D).Looking back over the last five years of research in this area, and looking toward the future, they noticed a significant trend. In that work, Matthew Smith and his colleague Laurent Elder hypothesized that open social systems could amplify and transform social activities in ways that would radically alter the impacts of ICTs on development.
Like the state (particularly in its democratic aspects) and unlike the market, open models consist of non-commodified relations, production, and exchange.